Rabu, 14 April 2010

Hasil Penelitian Mahasiswa Bagian Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jogjakarta

Jumat, 6 Juni, 2003 oleh: Gsianturi Hasil Penelitian Mahasiswa Bagian Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jogjakarta
Gizi.net - PERBEDAAN STATUS GIZI BAYI DARI IBU YANG MENDAPAT SUPLEMENTASI Fe MINGGUAN DAN HARIAN PADA WAKTU HAMIL DI KABUPATEN BANTUL
(The Difference in Nutritional Status of Infants Whose Mothers Received Weekly or Daily Iron Supplementation During Pregnancy in Bantul Regency)

Rudolf Boyke Purba 1), and Hamam Hadi 2)

ABSTRACT

Background: Commonly in developing countries the infants indicate in growth faltering on 4 month. The infant undernutrition whose the mothers undernutrition during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Iron supplementation might increase the pregnant woman of health status with Hemoglobin indicator degree and nutritional status increasing. What iron supplementation that will be affect during on nutritional status of infant in age 4 – 6 month.?

Objectives: The iron supplementation influenced to be known in weekly and daily with their differences on nutritional status of infant rate of 4 - 6 month.

Methods: Quasy Experiment Non Equivalent Control Group Design. The subject is an infant in aged on 4 to 6 month from breastfeeding mother that received iron supplementation in weekly and daily during pregnancy. The observation area at four subdistricts in Bantul regency. The anthropometry measurement is done by weight and length body infant. The anthropometry indicator in using by Z score value on weight for aged (WAZ), length for aged (HAZ), and weight for length (WHZ). The food consumption for mother and infant are found to use food recall and food frequency methods. The differences analyze between work done (weekly) and control (daily) using to examine t-test, also to know influence uses the regression linear test (bivariate and multivariate).

Results: With the examine result t-test indicated that average weight and length body of

Infant on 4-6 month higher in the group weekly of iron supplementation than daily, and that difference means on 6 month (P<0,05). The growth faltering is greater that happen for the group daily of iron supplementation than weekly. Average increase weight body infant 0,776 kg, length body infant 2,88 cm for the group weekly of iron supplementation, as the group daily of iron supplementation for 0,53 kg and 2,44 cm. The rate nutritional status of infant (WAZ and HAZ) on 4 - 6 month higher for the group weekly of iron supplementation than daily, and the significant difference (P<0,05).

Conclusions: The Fe weekly supplementation is better than daily on the rate nutritional status of infant and might less to rise the growth faltering to be worse.

Keywords: nutritional status, growth faltering, iron suplementation, infant.

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1) Akademi Gizi Departemen Kesehatan (Poltekkes), Manado.
2) Bagian Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jogjakarta.




PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN MELALUI DISKUSI KELOMPOK DAN CERAMAH UNTUK PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU MAKAN PENDERITA HIPERTENSI
(Health Education Through Group Discussion and Speech to Improve Knowledge, Attitude and Food Behavior of Hypertension Sufferer)

Albertina A. Pontolumiju 1) Doeljachman Mh 2) Supriyati 3)

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypertension prevalence of Indonesian community is revolving between 6% - 15%. The longer life expectancy of community can be, the hypertension prevalence is getting higher. Life style changes has caused certain level (middle up) of community in the city experienced life style with characteristics of full fat food behavior, life that controlled by time, tense, over natrium consumption that could cause hypertension. Daily food behavior (food pattern) has shifted to west style food (high natrium and high fat). Therefore, health education for hypertension sufferers is needed to support healthy behavior in improving their health. Some methods of health education that often implemented were group discussion and speech methods. The aim of this research was to know the difference influence of health education through group discussion and speech methods toward improvement of knowledge regarding hypertension; food source of natrium, fat and calium; attitude; and food behavior (food pattern) of hypertension sufferer of food source of natrium, fat and calium.

Method: This was a quasi experiment research of Non Equivalent Control Group Design with Pre Test and Post Test. The subject of this research was 40-70 years old hypertension sufferers who were given health education through group discussion and speech methods. This research was located in Jogjakarta. Instrument being used was questioner that aimed to know the level of knowledge, attitude and food behavior of natrium, saturated fat and calium food source in the relationship with hypertension) before and after given health education. Data of food behavior of hypertension sufferer were collected with food frequency method. T-test was used to know the difference mean of knowledge, attitude and food behavior of natrium, fat and calium source of respondents between treatment and control groups.

Results: Knowledge improvement regarding hypertension and source food of natrium, fat and calium was higher in group of discussion rather than speech group. The improvement of attitude value regarding hypertension control through natrium, fat and calium source food of hypertension sufferers in group discussion was higher in speech group. Food behavior of natrium source, fat and calium was better in group discussion rather than in speech group. In summary, health education through group discussion was better in improving knowledge, attitude and food behavior of hypertension sufferer regarding hypertension and its control through natrium consumption, fat and calium rather than speech group.

Keywords: Health education – group discussion – speech – hypertension

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1) Akademi Gizi Departemen Kesehatan (Poltekkes), Manado.
2) Bagian Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jogjakarta.
3) Bagian Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jogjakarta.



POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN, PARITAS DAN STATUS GIZI IBU POST PARTUM 4 DAN 6 BULAN DI KABUPATEN BANTUL, YOGYAKARTA
(Consumption Pattern, Paritas and Nutritional Status During 4 and 6 Month Post Partum in Distric Bantul)

IGA Putri Mahadewi 1) and Hamam Hadi 2)

ABSTRACT

Background : Breastfeeding mother (post partum) is the one of poor nutrition group and starting on 4 and 6 month in post partum would be experience of body weight low for breastfeeding and recovery. Based the observation result was by Susilo (2001) in fact, Cronic Energy Deficiency for the pregnant women in Bantul regency were 28,69 %. That high prevalence for energy consumtion and protein was still most of undestandard enought. Nutrition status during lactation depending on amount food to be storege during pregnancy (maternal store) But nutrition status during post partum on 4 and 6 month was unknown for pregnancy time having good feed pattern and bad feed pattern.

Objective : For recognize connection food consumption pattern in nutrition status during pregnancy and parity with nutrition status during post partum on 4 and 6 month.

Method : This observation was like the observational study that survey study with cohort planning ini combination non concurrent and concurrent prospective study. This population study was all mother heving their infants on 4 month and the previous of the subject study that is made by Hadi et.al. (2001). Collected data for nutrition status during pregnancy, nutrition status during post partum on 4 and 6 month, consumtion pattern and economic social data. The food consumtion define is done by FFQ. The analyze data could be made in descriptive and analytic with chi-square test and logistic test of stata program.

Results : Most of the respondent have the consumtion pattern during a good post partum that is 126 person (68,11 %), having a baby > 2 times for 118 persons (63,78%) and body mass index rate between exposure and non-exposure not a different. The result of statistic test indicates that un-correlation for food consumption pattern during pregnancy with nutrition status during post partum on 4 and 6 month and also there’re no connection between parity and nutrition status during post partum on 4 and 6 month (P> 0,05), but there’re the influence meaning for nutrition status during pregnancy and nutrition status during post partum on 4 and 6 month (P< 0,05) with multivariate for variable control that influencing nutrition status during post partum to be odd ratio for 5,1 times.

Conclusion : The food consumtion pattern of post partum mother and parity werw not influence nutrition status during post partum on 4 and 6 month, but the better nutrition status during pregnancy also nutrition status during post partumfor 4 and 6 month.

Keywords : nutirtion status, consumtion patern, paritas, post partum

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1)Dinas Kesehatan Propinsi Bali
2)Bagian Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jogjakarta. 


Sumber: http://www.gizi.net

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